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A) According the to IRS – Your child is a qualifying child if your child meets all of the following tests:
- Joint Return
Your child must meet one of the following:
- Be under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you or your spouse, if you file a joint return
- Be a full-time student under age 24 at the end of the year and younger than you or your spouse, if you file a joint return, or
- Be permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year and any age.
To be your qualifying child, a child must be your:
- Son, daughter, stepchild, eligible foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild), or
- Brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your niece or nephew).
Definitions to clarify the relationship test
Adopted child. An adopted child is always treated as your own child. This includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption.
Eligible Foster Child. A person is your eligible foster child if the child is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction.
Your child must have lived with you, or your spouse if you file a joint return, in the United States for more than half of the year.
Joint Return Test
Your child must not have filed a joint return or if your child filed a joint return, your child and his/or her spouse filed only to claim a refund and were not required to file.
Who is an eligible foster child?
An eligible foster child is one placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction.